British Empire Medal


  • Medal instituted on 29 December 1922 as the Medal of the Order of the British Empire for Meritorious Service.
  • Medal was awarded for meritorious civil or military service worthy of recognition by the Crown.
  • Medal was divided into military and civil divisions. Military version have a white central stripe on the ribbon.
  • Since 1957, a silver emblem of crossed oakleaves worn on the ribbon was awarded to denote awards of gallantry.
  • Recipients were entitled to use the post-nominal letters "BEM".

Orders of Knighthood