Order instituted by law No.68-437 of 2 December 1968. The name of the country was changed to the Republic of Zaire in October 1971. The order was amended by law n° 78-025 of 30 August 1978. The central disk of orders insignia was changed.
Order awarded for high military or civil merits rendered to the Republic.
Order have five classes.
Order have two divisions: military (swords suspension) and civilian (five-pointed star suspension).