Order of Oak Crown
Ordre de la couronne de Chêne
- Order instituted on 29 December 1841 by the Grand Duke-King William II.
- Originally, the order had four degrees. February 5, 1858, the number of degrees was increased to five, and has been added medal in three classes: gold, silver and bronze.
- The badge of the order is a gilt cross pattée, enamelled in white; the Officer class has a green enamelled oak wreath between the arms of the cross. The central disc bears the crowned monogram "W" (for William) on a green enamel background.
- The star of the order is (for Grand Cross) an eight-pointed faceted silver star, or (for Grand Officer) a faceted silver Maltese Cross. The central disc bears the crowned monogram "W" (for William) on a green enamel background, surrounded by a red enamel ring with the motto Je Maintiendrai ("I Will Maintain", now the national motto of the Netherlands), in turn surrounded by a green enamelled oak wreath.
- The medal of the order is in an octagonal shape, with the motif of the badge of the Order without enamel on the obverse, and an oak wreath without enamel on the reverse.
- William II — King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Duke of Limburg.